The Healing Power of Confession by Dr. Scott Hahn
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4 – Penance & Anointing the Sick: God’s Mercy Revealed
We are all sinners. But even though we sin, god so loves us that He gives us a way to confess our sins and be restored to a relationship with Him through the Sacrament of Reconciliation.
What do people do when they sin?
They choose to do what they know is wrong and offensive God.
How did sin begin?
From the beginning of creation, men and women have made choices that oppose God’s loving will. The Scripture tells us in the story of Adam and Eve that sin began because of the temptation and lies of the devil. Our first parents made a choice to disobey God and that choice was freely made. We call this disobedience of God’s will original sin—this is the condition into which all humanity is now born.
Was anyone ever born free from original sin?
Just as Adam and Eve were created free from original sin, so too were Jesus (the New Adam) and His Mother, Mary (the new Eve). In the case of Jesus this is called the Incarnation, and for Mary, it is called the Immaculate Conception.
What is actual sin?
Actual sin is any willful thought, desire, word, action or omission that is contrary to the will of God.
What kinds of actual sin are there?
There are two kinds of actual sin: mortal sin and venial sin.
What is mortal sin?
Mortal sin is a serious, freely chosen offense against the law of love that God reveals in Jesus.
What is the effect of mortal sin?
Mortal sin destroys the person’s relationship with God. In effect, mortal sin is a conscious, free choice to live life without God.
What is venial sin?
Venial sin is a less serious offense against God’s law of love and it damages our relationship with God and our brothers and sisters in Christ.
In the story Jesus told about the prodigal son, Jesus was teaching us:
God offers us forgiveness
When we sin, does God abandon us?
God does not abandon us when we sin. God sent Jesus the Savior into our world to free us from the power of sin and call us to live with God and others. When we sin, we abandon God, but He always calls us back, especially through the sacrament of Reconciliation.
What are the effects of the Sacrament of Reconciliation?
The effects of the Sacrament of Reconciliation are reconciliation with God and the Church, peace of conscience and spiritual consolation, the remission of eternal punishment due to mortal sin as well as some degree of temporal punishment.
What are the Matter and Form of Reconciliation?
The Matter is a penitent person; that is a person who repents, confesses their sins (confession), expresses contrition (sorrow), and intends to make reparation (penance).
The Form is the words of absolution the priest or bishop speaks: “I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”
What is temporal punishment?
Every sin has consequences. It disrupts our communion with God and the Church, weakens our ability to resist temptation and hurts our brothers and sisters. The necessity of healing these consequences, once the sin itself has been forgiven, is called temporal punishment. Prayer, fasting, almsgiving and other works of mercy and charity can take away entirely or diminish this temporal punishment.
What is meant by the “Seal of the Confessional”?
The “Seal of the Confessional” means that the priest may not reveal information that he hears in confession. Whatever the penitent says in confession is privileged information.
What is Anointing of the Sick?
Anointing of the Sick, also called Extreme unction is the sacrament during which the bishop or priest prays for a sick person, asking God to prevent spiritual illness and if it is His will, to heal physical illness.
What are the Matter and Form of the Anointing of the Sick?
The Matter is the laying on of hands (on top of the head) and the anointing with the Oil of the Infirm( by making the sign of the cross on the forehead and palms of a sick or infirm person).
The Form is the prayer of the priest or bishop says: “Through this Holy anointing, may the Lord in His love and mercy, help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord, who frees you from sin, save you and raise you up.”