Session 19–On Church History



19.21 – History of the Church

19.25 – Augustine – Capax Dei

19.26 – Pre-Scholastic Philosophy

19.27 – The Height of Scholastic Philosophy

19.28 – Late Scholasticism

19.32 – New Testament Timeline


OLV FP Session 19 Why Do I Need the Church

SPANISH OLV FP Session 19 Why Do I Need the Church-spanish

Click below to go to the webpage to watch the Symbolon video–Why Do I Need the Church?**

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8 – Why Do I Need the Church?: The Mystery of the Catholic Church

Some people say, “I’m spiritual, but not religious” or “I like Jesus, but don’t need a Church.” Yet, one can’t fully love the King and reject his Kingdom. Jesus didn’t save us as isolated individuals. He calls us to enter the communion of the Church.


What was Jesus’ mission on earth?
Jesus spent His last three years on earth proclaiming the presence of the Reign of God. He told people that the power of God’s love was available to them. He called them to turn away from sin and accept God’s love. He taught them that God was a forgiving Father. He gathered a community of disciples to share in His mission
Why did the authorities crucify Jesus?
Jesus was crucified because the religious and secular leaders of his day were afraid that his message of the coming of the Reign of God’s love would mean the end of their power.
Did Jesus mean to overthrow the Roman and Jewish leaders?
No. Jesus never preached violent revolution. He called people to live in a way that would allow God’s love to transform and restore God’s original creation.
Must someone belong to the Church to be saved?
The Catholic Church believes that it is very important that all people come to be a part of the Church. However, we also believe that God’s redeeming love is found outside of the visible Church. In the Declaration on Religious Freedom and in the Second Vatican Council, the Church taught that all people of sincere conscience can come to eternal happiness because of God’s saving love revealed through Christ.
The theme that is central to Jesus’ mission was:
Proclaiming the kingdom of God

What is the Church?

The Church is the community of disciples of Jesus, founded by Jesus, and by the empowerment of the Holy Spirit, sent to continue His saving mission.

Who are the leaders of the Church founded by Jesus?

Jesus gave a special ministry of leadership to His twelve Apostles. They were to govern by serving. Bishops are successors of the Apostles.

What do Catholics believe about St. Peter’s leadership role in the Church?

Catholics believe that St. Peter was entrusted with a ministry to govern the church and ensure the unity of the Church. St. Peter was the first Pope. He has passed on his leadership to the Popes throughout the ages, including the current Pope.

Who do Catholics believe exercises this Petrine Ministry now?

The Bishop of Rome, whom we call the Pope, is the successor of St. Peter in the Petrine Ministry.

What are the Four Marks of the Church?

The Church is: One, Holy, Catholic (“Universal”–found throughout the world), and Apostolic.

What is the summary of the essential beliefs of the Catholic faith?

The Nicene Creed

What does the word Monastic mean?

From the Greek (monos) meaning single or one, the word monastic means one who separates themselves from worldly things to grow closer to God.

Who is the Father of Western Monasticism? 

St. Benedict

Who are some other great founders of Monastic Orders?

St. Augustine, St. Dominic, St. Francis, St. Ignatius of Loyola

What is an Indulgence? 

The remission of temporal punishment due to sin is granted to the faithful who recite specified prayers, visit a specified place of pilgrimage or engage in a specified act of charity; punishment is remitted through the power of the Church and in the mutual exchange of spiritual goods, particularly the merits of Christ and the saints. Because of the fullness of redemption obtained for us by Christ, the Church attaches to certain prayers and actions an indulgence or pardon, that is, the full or partial remission of temporal punishment due to sin.  Christ, acting through the Church, brings about the healing of the consequences of sin when an individual uses such a prayer or engages in such an action.

What are the two types of indulgences?

There are two types of indulgences, the plenary indulgence, which is the full remission of temporal punishment due to sin and the partial indulgence, which is the partial remission of temporal punishment due to sin.

What is Sola Fide?

A belief in salvation by Faith Alone without any need for Good Works.

As Catholics, why do we reject the Reformers teaching of Sola Fide?

We believe salvation comes from God’s Grace Alone and both Faith and Good Works are our response to God’s free gift of Salvific Grace.

What is Sola Scriptura?

A belief in Scripture Alone as the rule and guide for the faithful.

As Catholics, why do we reject the reformers teaching of Sola Scriptura?

We believe God’s Divine Revelation comes to us through the Catholic Church He established.  Some of this Revelation is written down in what we call Sacred Scripture (the Bible) and some of this Divine Revelation is passed on orally through the generations in what we call Sacred Tradition.

What is the Council of Trent?

The Church Council that answered the Protestant Reformation and re-affirmed the teaching of the Church on the existence of Purgatory, the idea of Salvation by God’s Grace Alone and the importance of Sacred Tradition and the whole Canon of the Bible (46 books in the Old Testament—27 in the New Testament).


Who are some major figures in Scholasticism?

St. Albert the Great, St.  Bonaventure, and St. Thomas Aquinas

What is the foundation of the Scholastic Method?